Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY): What is it? How to Apply | Complete Guide

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is a flagship scheme driven by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). It is executed by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The primary aim of this skill certification initiative is to equip Indian youth with industry-relevant training, ultimately leading to improved livelihoods. This scheme also extends its benefits to individuals with existing skills through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).

Overview of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

On January 15, 2021, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship unveiled the third phase of PMKVY, known as PMKVY 3.0. This phase intensifies the Skill India Mission, further establishing India as the ‘Skill Capital’ of the world. PMKVY 3.0 strives to foster skill development across the nation, meeting industry requirements, and addressing the demands of the post-COVID-19 job landscape. With a decentralized structure and an emphasis on learner-centricity, this phase takes steps towards realizing the vision of an ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat.’

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AspectDetails
What is PMKVY?Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana
Implemented byMinistry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE)
PhasePMKVY 3.0
ObjectiveProvide industry-relevant skill training
Target AudienceIndian youth aged 15-45 years
ComponentsShort Term Training, Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), Special Projects
Focus of PMKVY 3.0Demand-based approach, upskilling/reskilling, online training
Funding AllocationINR 948.90 crores for FY 2020-2021
Implementing EntitiesNSDC, DGT, State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs)
Training FeesCovered by the Government
MonitoringContinuous monitoring, involvement of District Skill Committees
Three ComponentsShort Term Training (STT), Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), Special Projects
EligibilityIndian youth aged 18+, class 12 or school education, interest in offered industry
Special Focus on North-Eastern StatesYes
Placement AssistanceProvided to certified candidates
How to ApplyOnline registration through PMKVY portal
Table 1: Key Information about PMKVY

Key Highlights of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

  • Coverage and Focus: PMKVY 3.0 sets its sights on over 8 lakh candidates in FY 2020-2021, with a budget allocation of INR 948.90 crores. The scheme targets youth in the age group of 15-45 years.
  • Central and State Components: PMKVY 3.0 is divided into two key components: the Central Component, managed by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and other central agencies, and the State Component, under the control of State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) and state departments.
  • Three Skill Training Categories: PMKVY 3.0 focuses on three major skill training categories: Short Term Training (STT), Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), and Special Projects (SP).
  • Demand-Driven Approach: Shifting from a supply-based approach to a demand-driven strategy, PMKVY 3.0 addresses upskilling and reskilling, particularly in future-oriented skills like Industry 4.0. The program offers online and digital training, increasing its reach.
  • Financial Support: Under PMKVY, the government covers training and assessment costs, offering financial incentives to Training Providers (TPs) in adherence to common norms. The scheme operates with a 50:50 allocation of funds between the center and states.
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Components of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana comprises three essential components:

Short Term Training (STT): Targeting school/college dropouts and unemployed individuals, STT at PMKVY Training Centers imparts skill training aligned with the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF). This component also includes training in soft skills, entrepreneurship, and digital literacy, with successful candidates receiving placement assistance.

Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL): RPL is a certification program designed to validate the skills of individuals who possess prior learning experience in unregulated sectors. It empowers them to acquire formal recognition, enhancing their employability.

Special Projects: This component facilitates training in unique areas or premises, which are not covered by standard qualifications or standards. Special Projects allow government bodies, corporates, industry bodies, and more to offer training in specific job roles outside the existing Qualification Packs (QPs) or National Occupational Standards (NOS).

ComponentDescription
Short-Term Training (STT)Training covering digital literacy, soft skills, financial literacy, and entrepreneurship. Duration varies.
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)Certification for candidates with prior skills and experience in unregulated sectors.
Special ProjectsTraining in special areas and job roles not defined under available Qualification Packs.
Table 2: Components of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana Working Mechanism

Scheme Implementation: The PMKVY scheme is designed by the National Skill Development Authority (NSDA) in collaboration with other organizations, setting eligibility criteria and training standards.

Candidate Enrollment: Eligible candidates are enrolled in Training Centers, where they receive the necessary skill training. The government covers the course fees.

Training Delivery: PMKVY offers short-term training, special projects, and assesses prior skills for enrolled candidates.

Course Completion: Courses are of varying durations, and after successful training, candidates undergo assessments to earn skill cards.

Placement: Certified candidates are placed in industries and sectors relevant to their training.

Implementation StepsDescription
Setting up eligibility and qualifying criteriaNSDA collaborates with relevant bodies to establish PMKVY criteria.
Enrolling eligible candidatesCandidates meeting criteria are enrolled for training at Training Centres.
Providing relevant trainingCandidates receive short-term training or special project training based on their chosen roles.
Recognizing prior skillsPrevious skills and experience are assessed and recognized.
Completion of coursesCandidates complete training and undergo assessment to receive a skill card.
Placing certified candidatesCertified candidates are placed in industries according to their training.
Table 2: How Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana Works

How to Register for Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

The registration process for PMKVY is straightforward:

  • Eligibility Check: Verify if you meet the PMKVY eligibility criteria.
  • Online Registration: Visit the official PMKVY website and click on ‘Register as a Candidate.’
  • Form Submission: Fill in the required details in the registration form.
  • Acceptance: Agree to abide by the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy.
  • Submission: Click ‘Submit’ to complete your PMKVY registration.

Conclusion

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) stands as a robust initiative to equip the youth of India with essential skills, enhancing employability and economic growth. The introduction of PMKVY 3.0 reinforces its commitment to skilling and upskilling. It aligns with the nation’s vision of self-reliance and growth. It offers financial support, recognition of prior learning, and special projects. Thus, PMKVY continues to bridge the skills gap and empower individuals for a brighter future.

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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) about Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

1. What is PMKVY?

PMKVY stands for Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana, a flagship scheme implemented by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) to provide skill training to Indian youth.

2. Who implements PMKVY?

PMKVY is implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) in collaboration with the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).

3. What is the objective of PMKVY?

The primary objective of PMKVY is to enable Indian youth to acquire industry-relevant skill training, enhancing their employment opportunities and livelihoods.

4. Who is eligible for PMKVY?

Indian youth aged 18 and above, who have completed at least class 12 or equivalent education and are interested in training for specific industries, are eligible for PMKVY.

5. What are the key components of PMKVY?

PMKVY includes Short-Term Training (STT), Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), and Special Projects to provide skill training.

6. How does the PMKVY benefit the North-Eastern states?

PMKVY allocates specific funds to promote training and employment in the north-eastern states of India.

7. Is there any placement assistance provided under PMKVY?

Yes, PMKVY offers placement assistance to certified candidates, helping them find suitable job opportunities.

8. How can candidates apply for PMKVY?

Candidates can apply for PMKVY by visiting the official PMKVY portal and completing the online registration process.

9. Are candidates with prior skills or experience eligible for PMKVY?

Yes, PMKVY includes Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), which allows individuals with prior skills or experience to get certified.

10. What is the role of the National Skill Development Authority (NSDA) in PMKVY?

NSDA is responsible for implementing the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF) and strengthening State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs) to promote skill development.

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