Chhath Puja 2023: Date, Significance, Rituals, Facts, Special Trains

Get ready to celebrate Chhath Puja 2023 with enthusiasm and joy! Dive into the significance, rituals, and fascinating facts surrounding this auspicious festival. Plus, don’t miss out on the details about special trains for a hassle-free journey!

Chhath Puja is a prominent Hindu festival celebrated with fervor in regions like Bihar and parts of Uttar Pradesh. It is known for its deep spiritual significance. The festival revolves around the worship of the Sun God and Chhathi Mata. It lasts for four days. 

Significance of Chhath Puja 2023

Chhath Puja in regions like Bihar, Jharkhand, Purvanchal, and Nepal, is a Hindu festival dedicated to the worship of the Sun God and Chhathi Mata. This four-day festival involves rituals, fasting, and offering Arghya to the Sun. Devotees observe this festival to seek happiness, health, and prosperity for their children. The festival is rooted in deep religious beliefs and is considered holy and auspicious.

Chhath Puja Rituals

Chhath Puja Trains
Image Credits: Times New Nav Bharat

The rituals of Chhath Puja are both rigorous and spiritually enriching, lasting for four days. Here’s a brief overview:

Day 1 – Nahay-Khay

The first day involves devotees taking a holy dip in rivers like Kosi, Ganga, and Karnali. They bring home the holy water for special offerings and rituals. Houses are cleaned thoroughly on this day to prepare for the festival.

Day 2 – Lohanda or Kharna

On the second day, known as Kharna, devotees observe a day-long fast. It is broken in the late evening after worshiping Mother Earth. Special offerings to the gods include rice pudding (kheer) and fruits. They are distributed among family members and friends.

Day 3 – Sandhya Arghya (Evening Offerings)

The third day involves the preparation of prasad (offerings) for the evening Arghya (offerings). These offerings, also known as Sanjhiya Arghya. They are performed by the banks of rivers and include arghya (offerings) to the setting sun. Folk songs are sung, reflecting the rich culture and history of Bihar.

Day 4 – Bihaniya Arghya

On the fourth and final day, family members and friends gather by the riverside before sunrise to make offerings (Arghya) to the rising sun. After this ritual, devotees break their fast and distribute Prasad to neighbors and relatives.

1Nahay-KhayHoly dip in rivers; Bringing holy water home
2Lohanda or KharnaDay-long fast; Evening worship of Mother Earth
3Sandhya ArghyaPreparation of prasad; Arghya to the setting sun
4Bihaniya ArghyaOffering to the rising sun; Breaking the fast
Table 1: Chhath Puja Rituals

Historical and Mythological Significance

While the exact origin of Chhath Puja remains somewhat ambiguous, it is associated with Hindu epics like the Ramayana and Mahabharata. In the Ramayana, it is believed that Lord Rama and Sita observed a fast in honor of the Sun God upon returning to Ayodhya. This practice subsequently evolved into Chhath Puja.

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In the Mahabharata, Karna, a prominent character, is said to be the child of the Sun God and Kunti. It is said that Karna used to offer prayers while standing in the water. Another story relates how Draupadi and the Pandavas performed a similar puja to regain their kingdom.

Chhath Puja 2023 Dates

Nahay-KhayNov 1706:45 AM05:27 PM
KharnaNov 1806:46 AM05:26 PM
Evening ArghyaNov 1906:46 AM05:26 PM
Arghya to Rising SunNov 2006:47 AM
Table 2: Chhath Puja Dates

Scientific Significance

Chhath Puja holds scientific significance as well. The ritual of taking dips in water and exposing the body to the sun increases the flow of solar bioelectricity, improving overall body functionality. It is also believed to help in the elimination of harmful bacteria and prepare the body for the upcoming winter season.

Unique Facts Associated with Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja holds some unique characteristics:

  • It is the only Vedic festival celebrated in India.
  • It has connections to multiple characters in the Mahabharata.
  • All the rituals have scientific reasons, contributing to a rigorous process of detoxification.
  • Chhath Puja aids in calcium and vitamin D absorption and boosts the body’s immunity.
  • It brings mental benefits, reducing negative energies like hatred, fear, and anger.

Special Trains Schedule during Chhath Puja 2023

To accommodate the increased number of passengers traveling during this festival, the Indian Railways has announced special trains connecting Patna, Gaya, and Jaynagar to Anand Vihar Terminal in Delhi.

Here’s a breakdown of the schedule for the special trains to facilitate Chhath Puja travelers:

Train RouteTrain No.Departure from SourceReturn JourneyDeparture from Destination
Patna to Anand Vihar Terminal03255/03256Wed & Sun, 10:20 PMFri & Mon, 11:30 PMNov 23 – Dec 10
Patna to Anand Vihar Terminal02391/02392Sat, 10:20 PMSun, 11:30 PMNov 25 – Dec 9
Gaya to Anand Vihar Terminal03635/03636Mon, Wed, Fri, 07:00 AMTue, Thu, Sat, 7:00 AMNov 21 – Dec 9
Jaynagar to Anand Vihar Terminal05557/05558Tue, 6:00 AMWed, 7:30 AMNov 21 – Dec 5
Table 3: Special Trains Schedule

Patna to Anand Vihar Terminal (Train No. 03255/03256):

  • A superfast special train will depart from Patna every Wednesday and Sunday at 10:20 PM between November 23 and December 10.
  • On the return journey, it will leave from Anand Vihar Terminal every Friday and Monday at 11:30 PM from November 24 to December 11.

Patna to Anand Vihar Terminal (Train No. 02391/02392):

  • A superfast special train will leave from Patna every Saturday at 10:20 PM between November 25 and December 9.
  • On the return journey, it will depart from Anand Vihar Terminal every Sunday at 11:30 PM from November 26 to December 10.

Gaya to Anand Vihar Terminal (Train No. 03635/03636):

  • The train will start from Gaya every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday at 07:00 AM between November 21 and December 9.
  • On the way back, it will set off from Anand Vihar Terminal every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday at 7:00 AM from November 22 to December 6.

Jaynagar to Anand Vihar Terminal (Train No. 05557/05558):

  • A special train will initiate its journey from Jaynagar every Tuesday at 6:00 AM between November 21 and December 5.
  • On the way back, it will depart from Anand Vihar Terminal every Wednesday at 7:30 AM from November 22 to December 6.

These special trains, equipped with sleepers, AC, and general coaches, will make halts at various stations to facilitate the convenient journey of passengers celebrating Chhath Puja.


Chhath Puja is a celebration of spirituality, devotion, and the harmonious relationship between humans and nature. The Indian Railways introduction of special trains for Chhath Puja adds to the convenience. 

It has deep-rooted historical and mythological significance., Chhath Puja remains one of the most cherished and spiritually enriching festivals in India.

FAQ for Chhath Puja and Special Trains

What is Chhath Puja?

Chhath Puja is a Hindu festival that involves the worship of the Sun God and Chhathi Mata.

When is Chhath Puja celebrated?

Chhath Puja is celebrated in October and November, specifically on the sixth and seventh days of the Chaitra and Kartik months.

Where is Chhath Puja celebrated?

Chhath Puja is mainly celebrated on the river ghats and constructed water bodies in suburban areas.

What rituals are observed during Chhath Puja?

Chhath Puja involves fasting, pujas, and singing of songs during sunrise and sunset.

What is the tradition of eating and drinking during Chhath Puja?

Fasting individuals are allowed to consume snacks (thenga and jaggery) to maintain the religious observance.

What is the importance of Chhath Puja?

Chhath Puja is believed to bestow blessings, happiness, health, and prosperity, particularly for children.

Can fasting individuals consume anything other than snacks during Chhath Puja?

On the day of Chhath Puja, fasting people can eat milk, fruits, and kheer along with snacks.

What are the scientific benefits of Chhath Puja rituals?

Chhath Puja rituals like taking dips in water and sun exposure are believed to detoxify the body, enhance immunity, and prepare the body for the winter season.

Are there any unique facts about Chhath Puja?

Yes, Chhath Puja is the only Vedic festival in India. It has associations with Hindu epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, and its rituals have scientific significance.

When is Chhath Puja celebrated in 2023?

Chhath Puja in 2023 will be observed from November 17 to November 20.

What are the special trains introduced for Chhath Puja?

Indian Railways has introduced special trains connecting Patna, Gaya, and Jaynagar for Chhath Puja.